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BERLIN — Nokia, the biggest maker of cellphones by volume, said Wednesday that it would cut 4,000 manufacturing jobs, or 7 percent of its global workforce, as it moved to streamline and save money from its production of smartphones.
The company said the cuts would be made at three Nokia factories — in Komarom, Hungary; Reynosa, Mexico; and Salo, Finland — as it transferred the assembly of smartphones to factories in Asia, which are closer to component makers.
“Shifting device assembly to Asia is targeted at improving our time to market,” said Niklas Savander, the Nokia executive vice president responsible for smart phones. “By working more closely with our suppliers, we believe that we will be able to introduce innovations into the market more quickly and ultimately be more competitive.”
Nokia, based in Espoo, Finland, said it planned to cut 2,300 of 4,400 jobs at its Hungarian factory, 700 of 1,000 in Mexico and 1,000 of 1,700 in Salo, its largest production facility in Finland.
The job reductions come as Nokia is struggling financially during the transition from its Symbian-based smartphone lineup to Lumia Windows phones with Microsoft. Nokia last month said it lost €1.1, or $1.4 billion, in the fourth quarter, with its sales declining 21 percent from a year earlier, as operators abandoned or demanded price cuts on Symbian models.
The factories affected by the job cuts will refocus on customizing Nokia smartphones for Europe and North America. Nokia’s smartphone lineup includes Lumia Windows phones with Microsoft, MeeGo from an alliance with chip maker Intel, and Symbian.
Last September, the Nokia chief executive, Stephen Elop, said the company would start a comprehensive review of its smartphone production facilities with an eye to reducing costs and making long-term improvements in efficiency.
Nokia’s smartphone factories in Masan, South Korea, and Beijing will take over the assembly of smartphones, said James Etheridge, a Nokia spokesman in Espoo. The factories in Hungary, Mexico and Finland will add software and local-language applications.
The reductions are the second wave of job cuts at Nokia under Mr. Elop, a former Microsoft executive. In April 2011 Nokia said it would eliminate 4,000 jobs in Britain, Denmark and Finland, and transfer 3,000 employees in Symbian software development to Accenture, a technology consultant.